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What are IVC Filters?

IVC is an abbreviation for Inferior Vena Cava. Inferior vena cava filter is one of the types of vascular filters found in the medical field.

An IVC filter is a pharmaceutical device that is usually implanted by medical experts into the inferior vena cava to prevent a medical complication called pulmonary emboli. Pulmonary emboli, in the simplest terms possible, is life-threatening blood clotting. IVC filters are used on individuals who cannot undergo blood-thinning medication. These filters are also used on individuals whose symptoms are persistent even after undertaking blood-thinning medications. A report presented by the United States Food and Drug Administration shows that the use of IVC filters has rocketed dramatically. According to this body, back in the year 2007, over 167,000 Inferior Vena Cava filters were implanted.

Side effects of IVC Filters

There are a number of complaints that have been reported pertaining to the use of IVC filters. This led to an in-depth research that has proved that indeed there are a number of complications associated with the implantation procedure, delayed removal and removal procedure.

Some of the procedural complications found include the following:

  • Bruising or bleeding of the access site.
  • Puncturing of blood vessels.
  • Access site infection.
  • Malposition or erroneous placement of the filter.
  • Deployment of defective filters.
  • Hematoma- swelling caused by clotting blood inside the tissue.

Delayed removal of IVC filters can also cause a number of complications. Some of the delayed-removal complications that were found are such as:

  • Movement of the device to other parts of the heart or IVC leading to perforation.
  • Fracture or breakage of the filter.
  • Infection of the filter.
  • Clotting of the blood causing chronic swelling.
  • Pulmonary embolism.

There are a number of complications that can be met during the removal procedure of the Inferior Vena Cava filter. Some of these retrieval complications include the following:

  • Perforation of the IVC or other blood vessels.
  • Huge blood clots that develop in the filter could also complicate its removal.
  • Vein scars that could prevent the filter’s removal.
  • Embolization of broken components.

These are the most common complications faced in the implantation or retrieval of Inferior Vena Cava Filters. These are the very reasons that have led to the development of campaigns and lawsuits surrounding the use of IVC filters.

IVC Filter lawsuit

There are a number of class-action lawsuits that have been filed against the developers and manufacturers of IVC filters. These lawsuits can be filed by individuals that have faced any serious IVC filter-related complications. A family member of the victim is also allowed to pursue litigations against the manufacturer.

In the recent past, the FDA issued a warning pertaining to the use of IVC filters. It stated that after the use of these filters for around 4-6 weeks, the risks outweigh the benefits. To file a claim, one must visit a law firm or contact them through their official channels. An individual must then fill out an on-page form to file for claims against Inferior Vena Cava Filters.